But when he is kidnapped by his drunken father, Huck's return to life without rules doesn't seem much better. Huckleberry Finn has just been adopted by the Widow Douglass and her sister, and both are committed It is at once an affectionate evocation of the vital river life in the steamboat era and a melancholy reminiscence of its passing after the Civil War, a priceless Fashioned from the same experiences that would inspire the masterpiece Huckleberry Finn, Life on You're currently accessing eBooks.
Some eBooks aren't available in all countries. By letting us know your country we can show you books that are relevant to you. Toggle navigation. New to eBooks. Mark Twain. Filter Results. Last 30 days. Last 90 days. All time. English Only. Rogers first made Twain file for bankruptcy. Then Rogers had Twain transfer the copyrights on his written works to his wife, Olivia, to prevent creditors from gaining possession of them. Finally, Rogers took absolute charge of Twain's money until all the creditors were paid.
Twain embarked on an around-the-world lecture tour in to pay off his creditors in full, although he was no longer under any legal obligation to do so. Twain wrote of Dollis Hill that he had "never seen any place that was so satisfactorily situated, with its noble trees and stretch of country, and everything that went to make life delightful, and all within a biscuit's throw of the metropolis of the world". He returned to America in , having earned enough to pay off his debts.
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Speaking engagements Twain was in demand as a featured speaker, and appeared before many men's clubs, including the White Friars, the Vagabonds, the Authors, the Monday Evening Club of Hartford, and the Beefsteak Club. He was made an honorary member of the Bohemian Club in San Francisco. In the late s, he spoke to the Savage Club in London and was elected honorary member. When told that only three men had been so honored, including the Prince of Wales, he replied "Well, it must make the Prince feel mighty fine.
Later life Twain passed through a period of deep depression, which began in when his daughter Susy died of meningitis.
Olivia's death in and Jean's on December 24, , deepened his gloom. On May 20, , his close friend Henry Rogers died suddenly. In , Twain began his autobiography in the North American Review.
In April, Twain heard that his friend Ina Coolbrith had lost nearly all she owned in the San Francisco earthquake, and he volunteered a few autographed portrait photographs to be sold for her benefit. Twain said four of the resulting images were the finest ones ever taken of him. Twain formed a club in for girls he viewed as surrogate granddaughters, the Angel Fish and Aquarium Club.
The dozen or so members ranged in age from 10 to Twain exchanged letters with his "Angel Fish" girls and invited them to concerts and the theatre and to play games. Twain wrote in that the club was his "life's chief delight. In , Twain is quoted as saying: I came in with Halley's Comet in It is coming again next year, and I expect to go out with it. It will be the greatest disappointment of my life if I don't go out with Halley's Comet. The Almighty has said, no doubt: 'Now here are these two unaccountable freaks; they came in together, they must go out together.
His humor was American, but he was nearly as much appreciated by Englishmen and people of other countries as by his own countrymen. He has made an enduring part of American literature. His grave is marked by a foot i. There is also a smaller headstone. At mid-career, with Huckleberry Finn , he combined rich humor, sturdy narrative and social criticism.
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Twain was a master at rendering colloquial speech and helped to create and popularize a distinctive American literature built on American themes and language. Many of Twain's works have been suppressed at times for various reasons. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn has been repeatedly restricted in American high schools, not least for its frequent use of the word "nigger", which was in common usage in the pre-Civil War period in which the novel was set.
A complete bibliography of his works is nearly impossible to compile because of the vast number of pieces written by Twain often in obscure newspapers and his use of several different pen names.
Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain
Additionally, a large portion of his speeches and lectures have been lost or were not written down; thus, the collection of Twain's works is an ongoing process. Researchers rediscovered published material by Twain as recently as The only reason it was published there was that his story arrived too late to be included in a book Artemus Ward was compiling featuring sketches of the wild American West. After this burst of popularity, Twain was commissioned by the Sacramento Union to write letters about his travel experiences for publication in the newspaper, his first of which was to ride the steamer Ajax in its maiden voyage to Hawaii, referred to at the time as the Sandwich Islands.
These humorous letters proved the genesis to his work with the San Francisco Alta California newspaper, which designated him a traveling correspondent for a trip from San Francisco to New York City via the Panama isthmus. All the while, Twain was writing letters meant for publishing back and forth, chronicling his experiences with his burlesque humor. On June 8, , Twain set sail on the pleasure cruiser Quaker City for five months. This book is a record of a pleasure trip.
If it were a record of a solemn scientific expedition it would have about it the gravity, that profundity, and that impressive incomprehensibility which are so proper to works of that kind, and withal so attractive. Yet not withstanding it is only a record of a picnic, it has a purpose, which is, to suggest to the reader how he would be likely to see Europe and the East if he looked at them with his own eyes instead of the eyes of those who traveled in those countries before him.
In , Twain published a second piece of travel literature, Roughing It , as a semi-sequel to Innocents.
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Roughing It is a semi-autobiographical account of Twain's journey to Nevada and his subsequent life in the American West. The book lampoons American and Western society in the same way that Innocents critiqued the various countries of Europe and the Middle East. Twain's next work kept Roughing It' s focus on American society but focused more on the events of the day. Entitled A Tale of Today , it was not a travel piece, as his previous two books had been, and it was his first attempt at writing a novel. The book is also notable because it is Twain's only collaboration; it was written with his neighbor Charles Dudley Warner.
Twain's next two works drew on his experiences on the Mississippi River. Old Times eventually became the starting point for Life on the Mississippi. The book also introduced in a supporting role Huckleberry Finn, based on Twain's boyhood friend Tom Blankenship.
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The Prince and the Pauper , despite a storyline that is omnipresent in film and literature today, was not as well received. Telling the story of two boys born on the same day who are physically identical, the book acts as a social commentary as the prince and pauper switch places. Pauper was Twain's first attempt at fiction, and blame for its shortcomings is usually put on Twain for having not been experienced enough in English society, and also on the fact that it was produced after a massive hit.
In between the writing of Pauper, Twain had started Adventures of Huckleberry Finn which he consistently had problems completing and started and completed another travel book, A Tramp Abroad , which follows Twain as he traveled through central and southern Europe. Twain's next major published work, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn , solidified him as a noteworthy American writer.
Some have called it the first Great American Novel, and the book has become required reading in many schools throughout the United States. Huckleberry Finn was an offshoot from Tom Sawyer and had a more serious tone than its predecessor. The main premise behind Huckleberry Finn is the young boy's belief in the right thing to do though most believed that it was wrong. Four hundred manuscript pages of Huckleberry Finn were written in mid, right after the publication of Tom Sawyer. Some accounts have Twain taking seven years off after his first burst of creativity, eventually finishing the book in Other accounts have Twain working on Huckleberry Finn in tandem with The Prince and the Pauper and other works in and other years.
The last fifth of Huckleberry Finn is subject to much controversy. Some say that Twain experienced, as critic Leo Marx puts it, a "failure of nerve". Ernest Hemingway once said of Huckleberry Finn : If you read it, you must stop where the Nigger Jim is stolen from the boys. That is the real end. The rest is just cheating.
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Hemingway also wrote in the same essay: All modern American literature comes from one book by Mark Twain called, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Near the completion of Huckleberry Finn, Twain wrote Life on the Mississippi, which is said to have heavily influenced the former book. The work recounts Twain's memories and new experiences after a year absence from the Mississippi. Later writing After his great work, Twain began turning to his business endeavors to keep them afloat and to stave off the increasing difficulties he had been having from his writing projects.
Twain focused on President Ulysses S. This piece detailed his two-week stint in a Confederate militia during the Civil War. The name of his publishing company was Charles L. Webster, his nephew by marriage. Twain next focused on A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court , which featured him making his first big pronouncement of disappointment with politics. Written with the same "historical fiction" style of The Prince and the Pauper , A Connecticut Yankee showed the absurdities of political and social norms by setting them in the court of King Arthur. The book was started in December , then shelved a few months later until the summer of , and eventually finished in the spring of Twain had begun to furiously write articles and commentary with diminishing returns to pay the bills and keep his business projects afloat, but it was not enough.
He filed for bankruptcy in His next large-scale work, Pudd'nhead Wilson , was written rapidly, as Twain was desperately trying to stave off the bankruptcy. From November 12 to December 14, , Twain wrote 60, words for the novel. Critics have pointed to this rushed completion as the cause of the novel's rough organization and constant disruption of continuous plot. There were parallels between this work and Twain's financial failings, notably his desire to escape his current constraints and become a different person.
Like The Prince and the Pauper , this novel also contains the tale of two boys born on the same day who switch positions in life. Considering the circumstances of Twain's birth and Halley's Comet, and his strong belief in the paranormal, it is not surprising that these "mystic" connections recur throughout his writing.